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美国66号公路风光——西部往事

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发表于 2015-7-20 12:43 | |阅读模式

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本帖最后由 薰衣草 于 2015-7-22 11:03 编辑 % M* `* T' G, u& y% {# h4 u
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这是一条在美国地图上已经消失的老路;这是一条充满了美国人情味儿的老路;
6 z$ o, P+ R  S3 _, I+ B( s9 n这是一条承载过垮掉的一代、嬉皮士、摇滚青年的老路。
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- U3 ^6 c+ e0 S作为20世纪上半叶美国最重要的陆路交通命脉,66号公路随着美国文化被传播到全世界,成为全球最风光的一条公路。# f, r6 l. E8 @' }
它就是http://www.lanmo.cc/《阿甘正传》里阿甘孤身穿越美国的那条路,也是杰克·凯鲁亚克的小说《在路上》大部分故事发生的场景所在。
! U3 j) s! @  \5 x2 C4 Q1 O/ ^在现实世界中,这条公路由芝加哥起始,一路横贯到加州圣塔蒙尼卡。7 f6 g1 Z) O) e2 u1 z/ e1 e
途经伊利诺伊州、密苏里州、加州等八个州,全长将近四千公里。& b& u3 O9 I9 H7 ?+ I
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在美国历史上,它是最早由东岸通往西岸的大道,不仅曾是美国东西部交通的大动脉,4 X# c' `# \2 z3 j8 T* a
还在美国历史和文化中扮演着举足轻重的角色。 ; ~0 O: m; Q' Q' ^( z, X9 K
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呈对角线的66号公路,66号公路(Route 66),被美国人亲切地唤作“母亲之路”。; W  C1 x3 w, ~+ l- a: K
66号公路全长:2448英里(约3939公里)通车使用:1926年11月11日—1985年6月27日,( X1 f) }0 I' m( g
研究66号公路60多年的学者迈克尔·华利斯说:“66号公路之于美利坚民族,2 G" r; o' e3 p" T0 ^" N
好比一面明镜;它象征着伟大的美国人民一路走来的艰辛历程。2 _1 \5 F# A3 p6 J$ E& w: U
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; ]6 S$ ?2 \, S: m; l4 X( l9 B19世纪末的66号公路甚至只是一条走马车的土路。1926年,美国政府投资将断断续续的道路连接起来,2 S2 O  c# U" x( T# t6 I1 x# `
历时十余年终于竣工。在这期间,恰逢西方世界为之色变的经济大萧条。
7 b5 a, ?( _8 x- N# W这一修建工程为处在困难时期的美国提供了上万个就业岗位,成为众多工人维持生计的救命稻草。  F- X4 M: P* E: x" w

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  随着66号公路的发达,往来旅客增多,沿途乡镇相继地发展起来,2 |) _1 P( c+ L1 O4 j
小型商店(mom-and-pop- business)应运而生,提供旅客加油丶餐饮丶购物的服务。
$ l; ^9 y; p6 w: K. D: t2 ^加上公路平稳好走,深受卡车司机青睐,于是日日车水马龙,成为重要的东西运输通道。
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9 I5 c$ m: ^" o  l3 r$ k9 ~当年的美国中西部还经历过一场大干旱,66号公路再一次成为穷困潦倒的农民的救命线,+ ~4 N$ h0 J8 A" g( L
他们沿着66号公路这条惟一通往加利福尼亚的公路逃亡至西部,开拓新生活。: C8 ^; n, {7 l  s% C0 C
正如美国小说家约翰·斯坦贝克在小说《愤怒的葡萄》里所写的那样:“66号公路是母亲之路,
- ~" ~) f1 b0 Q1 r7 r  F0 u, u是飞翔之路……”66号公路,见证着一个民族的苦难,却也见证了美国人自由丶勇敢与进取的精神。
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由於66号线跨越了许多着名景点,如画布沙漠(the Painted Desert)丶大峡谷(Grand Canyon)丶
6 X# T5 @0 C4 V4 V  f) s( f+ ~以及亚利桑那州的陨石洞等。因此,大战过後的五○年代,从原以运送物资为主,
. c6 H' R5 X1 \2 e! _! L. V  M摇身一变成为美国人由东部到加州度假的主要干道。由于它横穿画布沙漠,毗邻大峡谷,+ W& b: r. C9 W  I5 x# f% D
又途径亚利桑那州的陨石坑,使得当地旅游业迅速发展,- ?) z) p: c& `1 P# z1 N2 d
这一现象又转而促进了各种新兴行业的兴旺。
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% Z- S! p+ p+ q3 F' M, H% E66号公路最后还是因为不再能胜任日益繁忙的州际交通而被迫退役,
  W# v+ y1 P6 k$ o4 b' R于1985年6月7日从United States Highway System“美国公路系统”中被抹去了," t2 v9 q; K- h  c
取而代之的是Interstate Highway System(州际高速系统)。! }* `. t" g8 V+ y0 E2 v. W

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从1987年开始,各种关于66号公路的团体、协会陆续成立。1990年,密苏里州宣布此路为“州历史公路”。
许多当地群体甚至直接把有关于“66”的图案印在路面上,还有一些人努力去保存66号公路边的老汽车旅馆和霓虹灯。
1999年,克林顿总统签下了国家66号公路保护单,为保护、修复分布于公路不同路段有历史价值的景点提供了基金支持。
经过各方努力,最终原本已经消失的美国66号公路,又重新回到了地图上。

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在这里,特别要介绍的是背景音乐《西部往事》—— 是1968年美国同名电影的主题曲,
由意大利电影音乐之父埃尼奥·莫里康内 (Ennio Morricone)作曲,堪称世界电影音乐的代表作。
悠扬深远的乐曲带来岁月往事的回忆,迷人的音色舒缓动人,牵动出怀旧的情结,
Carla Maffioletti极具穿透力的女高音仿佛跨越时空,为音乐加添了强大的感染力。
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作为史上最伟大的电影配乐之一《西部往事》主题曲,当你听到悠扬深远的乐曲时,
能让你体会到岁月带给我们的礼物就是回忆,这首音乐的“往事主题”具有的穿透力和强大的感染力,
为一般影片配乐不能相提并论。那辽阔宽广丶舒缓动人丶含义深刻的旋律是无法用语言来形容的....
更难忘那牵 动着人类共有的怀旧情结,仿佛飘过了无限时空的女高音的无言哼唱....
“往事主题”是莫里康内的 代表作,又是世界电影音乐的颠峰之作。
及无数音乐爱好者永远怀着赞叹和敬畏之情去聆听丶去谈论 的一段音乐。
其迷人的音色丶流畅的旋律和隽永的风格,对世界各国的许多影片产生了影响!

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